Pseudoscope (the frequency inverter, with high-pseudoscopic
prismatic reversion of the field of view)
For entertainment events and trainings;
Recommendations for interventions using pseudoscopes;
individual trip of a man in the passenger seat dressed in pseudocode;
any competitions that require orientation in space at the speed;
passing of simple rope mazes;
dressing man or a mannequin on time;
drawing simple objects on time;
dressing up sneakers race;
- picking up suspended subjects from the ceiling race;
- riding the chair with wheels on the route suggested by a person in pseudoscope
(the assistant is blindfolded)
-a bus ride to the familiar city trying to guess where it is at the moment the bus
with viewers in pseudoscopes (tour of the looking-glass town)
For viewing stereo pairs or a flat image
The pseudoscope allows without the need to have squint when viewing stereo pairs
This requires just adjust the angle between the reflecting surfaces of the prisms.
Also, when viewing normal video or flat image on the monitor screen the illusion
of enhanced depth and sharpness is created.
With some adaptation to the reversion of the field of view or removal from the
groove of one of the eyepieces, it is recommended to use the pseudoscope in image
At interactive science exhibitions
Since the structure of our prismatic pseudoscope implies also the reversion of the
field of view from right to left it becomes possible to conduct experiments showing
the person's functional asymmetry of the cerebral hemispheres.
For example, the user wears a pseudoscope and stands motionless at the appointed
spot and the assistant passes the user with any side reciting loudly the name of the
The user watches reverse audio stereo effect.
Pseudoscopic perception of space unlike the normal perception of space introduces
a rather strong component of pseudo transparency, which reverses the perception
of the background and the middle of the object.
This has an impact on interpretation of movements, shadows, ambiguous objects,
various glare and reflections.
Using the pseudoscope in combination with geometric wire spatial figures, as the
tetrahedron, the hypersphere and other you can instantly watch amazing
phenomena of spatial duality.
If we turn to nature, then, for example, the trees and the background will fight in
your field of vision for the right to be in the foreground. If suddenly breeze blows
and the branches of the tree begin to sway you will be able to watch amazing
dynamic effect of reverse perspective.
People who have not experienced anything similar after experiencing all these
illusions of perception will surely overestimate what is possible in this world.
At art exhibitions
The pseudoscope can be used to view the showpieces in any art or science where
they have three dimensions. You can add some accent on lighting or movement
receiving the duality of perception and, thereby, enhancing the drama. This will
provide the viewer with a quite new experience from the perception of the space of
For example, it can be very effective in modern sculpture, which focuses on
perception of space, such as "Quantum man" by Anthony Gormle.
Pseudoscopic perception through the pseudoscope performs well when art works
focus on light and shadow in space.
For educational and training purposes.
(in- depth lessons of biology, physiology, psychology, etc.)
- The constructions of all our devices including a pseudoscope are made light and
portable, that is extremely handy for field tutorials for pupils and students.
With the help of pseudoscopes it is effective to explore the most important features
of human stereovision associated with disparately retinas and muscles involved in
convergence. It is important to show that binocular neurons have a high
adaptability and can adapt to calculate the depth of space of negative disparity on
the retinas and the divergence of the visual axes of the eyes.
With the reversion of the field of view from left to right, students get the
opportunity to watch quite a vivid motor skills conflict with a field of view. It is
important to explain to students the adaptability of the human body from the
standpoint of physiological stress limits, etc.
If you pull out one of the optical elements from the groove and the second one
leave in its place, we can observe the phenomenon of the struggle of the visual
fields of both eyes.
The experiments on adaptation to horizontal reversion of sight and changing the
sign of the disparity. The study of the mechanisms of constructing proprioceptive
body schema in terms of reversion of the field of view.
Psychological and physiological experiments
(investigation of the mechanisms of phantom pain, the functional asymmetry of the
- Training of spatial abilities - article NASA.
- Preliminary adaptation of the vestibular system before long sea voyages and
travels with other modes of transport for prevention of motion sickness
- Flexibility training of pilots’ and astronauts’ vestibular system.
- Psychological experiments on the updating of the child's perception in adults.
- Study of the influence of pseudoscopic vision on fusional reflex.
For clarity of mathematical models of regular polyhedrons.
Changes in the perception of mathematical models through the pseudoscope
perceived like a Necker cube, only in 3 dimensions. With the help of pseudoscopes
it becomes possible to see mathematical transformations associated with the
modeling of regular polyhedrons.
Shadows and reflections are swapped and it can all be seen during a long time,
which is convenient for study without excessive strain on the eyes. In addition,
under certain settings you have control over the images of the studied objects,
which could add an additional variable in the studied functions. For example, if
when monitoring spatial figure, both eyes are open, then through the pseudoscope
you will see the simplex shape in reverse perspective that is, turned inside out.
Closing one eye leads to the fact that you will see the figure of a normal or flat
depending on the remaining terms of stereovision. That is, you certainly get an
opportunity to change the perceived image without the need for complex
manipulation of the object.
The creation of new ideas in contemporary art and architecture.
Manipulation of visual images is one of the main features of pseudoscopic vision.
Take, for example, the famous work by Patrick Hughes with reperspective. With
the help of pseudoscopes you get the opportunity to take control over the images of
reality in your head. Normal vision for the students of the schools of contemporary
art and architectural universities is very important but there a hindrance can occur
when a student is trying to express their subjective view of the nature of events or
phenomena. In this sense, the pseudoscope opens up possibilities for completely
exclusive, depending on the additional attitudes, ways of expressing a subjective
attitude of space.